Nederlands English

Order: Opiliones, Harvestmen

Not Dutch harvestmen, photos taken during holidays.


Lacinius horridus
Lacinius horridus


Overview species:


Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla

Thanks to Plamen Mitov I have the names of the different harvestmen from Bulgaria. (Mitov. Stoyanov. 2004)
Paranemastoma in Bulgaria is a difficult group, there occur according to (Starega, 1976) the following species and subspecies: P.aurigerum aurigerum, P.aurigerum ryla, P.aurigerum joannae, P.radewi and P.bureschi.. By Plamen G. Mitov Paranemastoma beroni was added in 2011 (Mitov. 2011). It is a new, eyeless species collected from the Stoykova Dupka 1 Cave in the Slavyanka Mountains (south-western Bulgaria). Most are endemic to Bulgaria. The species on the photo comes from Kyustendil and is Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla, one is a male, the other a female.

Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♂
Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♂

Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♂
Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♂

Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♂
Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♂

Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♀
Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♀

Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♀
Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♀

Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♀
Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♀

Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♀
Paranemastoma aurigerum ryla ♀

up


Lacinius dentiger

Lacinius dentiger is a harvestman expected it once also will pop up in The Netherlands. As far as the present distribution of the species is in fact extended that the beast is found in various places in Germany not far from The Netherlands. It's a beautiful harvestman where often also a greenish color on is and lots of short spines on the body. Je vindt deze soort vaak op muren en op kale rotswanden. These animals I found many in Bulgaria. The females are up to 9.2 mm, males up to 6.6 mm.

Lacinius dentiger
Lacinius dentiger

Lacinius dentiger
Lacinius dentiger

Lacinius dentiger
Lacinius dentiger

Lacinius dentiger
Lacinius dentiger

up


Lacinius horridus

Lacinius horridus Looks a lot like the previous species but has many more and longer spines also on the legs. Of this kind I found but one specimen on a large boulder in a field with low vegetation. They are animals that can stand the heat. The females are up to 6,9 mm, males up to 4.6mm. This species is also to be expected in the future in The Netherlands.

Lacinius horridus
Lacinius horridus

Lacinius horridus
Lacinius horridus

up


Odiellus lendli

In Bulgaria I find close to a stream under a thick branch some relatively small harvestmen that me strongly reminiscent of the Odiellus spinosus from The Netherlands. It looks like they are still not mature. Now there is a problem, spinosus doesn't have that many spines and in the Checklist (Babalean,2004) only Odiellus lendli is mentioned but there is no image. A drawing of the species is in (Chemeris, 2005), so a prudent assumption that this is it. Also from Kyustendil. My identification is confirmed by Plamen Mitov.

Odiellus lendli, juvenile
Odiellus lendli, juvenile

Odiellus lendli, juvenile
Odiellus lendli, juvenile

Odiellus lendli, juvenile
Odiellus lendli, juvenile

Odiellus lendli, juvenile
Odiellus lendli, juvenile

up


Opilio ruzickai

Opilio ruzickai looks a lot like the common species in The Netherlands of Opilio canestrinii with the white marks on the abdomen, but that species does not occurs in Bulgaria. The young specimen from with I've made a picture, shows clearly the white stripes and is to be recognized, despite it is not adult. Unfortunately, in June, the time I was in Bulgaria, many harvestmen are still not mature.

Opilio ruzickai juveniel
Opilio ruzickai juveniel

begin


Zachaeus crista

During a holiday in the Czech Republic I find a very thick harvestman.The animal runs across the sand road and my first thought is: a cricket. Only as I look better I see that it is a harvestman. It is a beautiful dark brown animal with reddish back stripe. There is another species that looks like it but there the ocularium is lower and without thorns. Body length females up to 11 mm, males up to 10,5 mm. The species also occurs in Bulgaria and I find it on three places. (Identification Plamen Mitov)

Zachaeus crista
Zachaeus crista

Zachaeus crista
Zachaeus crista

Zachaeus crista
Zachaeus crista

Zachaeus crista
Zachaeus crista

Zachaeus crista
Zachaeus crista

up

Thanks

I would like to thank Plamen Mitov for the identification of the Bulgarian animals and for the corrections on the site.

 

literature:

 

Nature Stock Photography
Mijn foto's zijn te koop bij Nature in Stock.
My photos are for sale at Nature in Stock.